The Construction Industry is one of the most significant industries after agriculture worldwide and one of the largest employment creators in the world. The construction industry is broadly divided into the Construction of buildings, Heavy and civil engineering construction, and Specialty trade contractor. It is an amalgamation of various other types of construction companies, so there are hundreds of Job profiles in the entire construction industry.
Here are 15 of the most common construction job titles in Malaysia:
Civil engineers design, plan and maintain infrastructure projects including roads, bridges, dams, buildings and airports. They estimate the types and quantities of materials needed and determine any environmental impact the project may have. Civil engineers may also develop temporary structures used during a construction project. A civil engineer needs a bachelor’s degree and a state license as a Professional Engineer.
A safety engineer designs processes and systems to create safe working and operating conditions for crews, customers and the environment. They also ensure that projects are compliant with all applicable laws and regulations, including permitting and inspections. Safety engineers must use their knowledge of construction and health sciences to determine any potential risks associated with items including:
- Safety equipment
A construction engineer designs, plans, manages and constructs infrastructure projects. While similar in scope to civil engineers, construction engineers are generally on-site to oversee the construction of their projects, which can include:
Structural engineers focus on the structural integrity of construction projects such as buildings, bridges and roads. They also create plans and processes to maintain and reinforce these structures over time. Most structural engineers earn a Bachelor’s Degree in Structural Engineering or Civil Engineering. Some may also pursue a master’s degree.
Architects design buildings and work closely with the construction team during the building process. They communicate with clients and create building plans, like sketches, renderings or models, to meet client needs and comply with any local, state or federal regulations. Due to the high level of expertise and safety protocols required, architects must earn a Bachelor’s Degree in Architecture and obtain a license through their state licensing board.
Senior construction managers, also called site managers, supervise the construction team and interact with project partners, such as suppliers and other service providers. Construction managers report to the project manager and are responsible for the following tasks:
- Coordinating project schedules
- Tracking material ordering and delivery
- Reporting to upper-level management about project status and scope
- Communicating to clients
- Documenting compliance protocols
- Hiring subcontractors
7. Site Manager
Site managers manage day-to-day functions and serve as the direct contact for on-site employees. Some employers may require site managers to hold a bachelor’s degree or technical certifications, while others may hire based on experience. Site manager perform the following duties:
- Hiring skilled employees
- Managing schedules
- Communicating and enforcing on-site safety measures
- Consulting on project timelines
- Evaluating and approving work completed by employees and subcontractors
- Maintaining labor and material costs
- Tracking material inventory
Project managers oversee all aspects of a project, from initial design planning to completion. Project managers work to keep a construction project on schedule and within budget. Other project management tasks can include:
- Hiring the construction manager
- Assisting in project design and planning, including material estimates, scheduling and staffing
- Creating project benchmarks
- Overseeing the construction manager and daily site operations
- Leading the final project stages, such as final inspections and building opening
- Managing the project timeline
- Communicating with other management and stakeholders
Assistant project managers support the project manager with tasks, including:
- Procuring all necessary materials
- Initiating and finalizing contracts
- Enforcing safety measures
- Managing budget
Construction assistants help organize and manage project sites by:
- Cleaning the site
- Preparing materials for use, such as pipes and wood
- Discarding waste
- Prepping job sites or specific surfaces for work
- Assisting with measuring, leveling and spacing
11. Safety manager
Safety managers visit construction sites to ensure the working environment is safe and reduce the risk of accidents and injuries. They ensure compliance with all health and safety regulations and educate the construction team on ways to improve the health and safety of the job site.
A construction foreman leads the work crew. They are responsible for managing employees and overseeing daily productivity.
13. Field engineer
Field engineers oversee construction sites. They typically hold a bachelor’s degree and have several years of construction experience. Field engineers perform the following functions:
- Directing work crews
- Evaluating and reporting project status
- Ensuring project specifications are met
- Verifying all stages of the project meet local, state and national regulations
Inspectors evaluate construction sites to verify that all structures comply with building and zoning ordinances. Inspectors visit sites frequently and report their findings to any relevant agencies. They can issue citations for code violations or stop work due to safety hazards. Many construction projects require inspections at certain points before progress can continue.
Surveyors make precise measurements of property boundaries. Many industries, including construction, rely on these measurements to plan renovations or new projects.
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